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Social Studies

Faculty of the Committee on Degrees in Social Studies

Grzegorz Ekiert, Professor of Government (Chair)
Anya Bernstein, Lecturer on Social Studies (Director of Studies)
Mariko Chang, Associate Professor of Sociology and of Social Studies
John H. Coatsworth, Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs
Richard N. Cooper, Maurits C. Boas Professor of International Economics
Kimberly McClain DaCosta, Assistant Professor of Afro-American Studies and of Social Studies
Gwendolyn Dordick, Associate Professor of Sociology and of Social Studies (on leave 2003-04)
Peter Eli Gordon, Assistant Professor of History and of Social Studies (on leave 2002-03)
Peter A. Hall, Harvard College Professor and Krupp Foundation Professor of European Studies
Michael Herzfeld, Professor of Anthropology (on leave spring term)
Michael J. Hiscox, John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences (on leave 2002-03)
Engseng Ho, Assistant Professor of Anthropology and of Social Studies (on leave 2002-03)
Stanley Hoffmann, Paul and Catherine Buttenwieser University Professor
Richard M. Hunt, Senior Lecturer on Social Studies
Torben Iversen, Professor of Government
James T. Kloppenberg, Professor of History (on leave 2002-03)
Michael Robert Kremer, Professor of Economics
Steven R. Levitsky, Assistant Professor of Government and of Social Studies (on leave fall term)
Charles S. Maier, Leverett Saltonstall Professor of History (on leave fall term)
Peter V. Marsden, Professor of Sociology
Rebecca Mary McLennan, Associate Professor of History and of Social Studies (on leave 2002-03)
Glyn Morgan, Assistant Professor of Government and of Social Studies
Nancy Lipton Rosenblum, Senator Joseph S. Clark Professor of Ethics in Politics and Government
Tommie Shelby, Assistant Professor of Afro-American Studies and of Social Studies (on leave 2002-03)
Theda Skocpol, Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and of Sociology (on leave spring term)
Mary M. Steedly, Professor of Anthropology
Christina Tarnopolsky, Assistant Professor of Government and of Social Studies

Other Faculty Offering Instruction in Social Studies

Jeffrey B. Abramson, Visiting Professor of Social Studies (Brandeis University)
Kiku Adatto, Lecturer on Social Studies
Terry K. Aladjem, Lecturer on Social Studies
Kathleen R. Arnold, Lecturer on Social Studies, Teaching Assistant in Government
Jane Fair Bestor, Lecturer on Social Studies
Audrey Helfant Budding, Lecturer on Social Studies, Teaching Assistant in Special Concentrations
Melissa L. Caldwell, Lecturer on Social Studies
Oona Britt Ceder, Lecturer on Social Studies
Elizabeth M. Doherty, Director of the Freshman Seminar Program and Senior Lecturer on Social Studies
Corey Dolgon, Visiting Assistant Professor of Social Studies (Worcester State College)
Thomas Ertman, Visiting Professor of Social Studies (New York University)
William F. Fisher, Visiting Associate Professor of Social Studies (Clark University)
Kiaran Aeveen Honderich, Lecturer on Social Studies
Lynne B. Layton, Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychology in the Department of Psychiatry (Medical School)
Stephen A. Marglin, Walter S. Barker Professor of Economics
Andrei Steven Markovits, Visiting Professor of Social Studies (University of Michigan)
Sylvia Maxfield, Visiting Professor of Social Studies
Jens Meierhenrich, Lecturer on Government, Lecturer on Social Studies
Lisa S. Rivera, Lecturer on Social Studies
James Schmidt, Visiting Professor of Social Studies (Boston University)
Carmen J. Sirianni, Visiting Associate Professor of Social Studies (Brandeis University)
Christopher J. Sturr, Lecturer on Social Studies
Amitai Touval, Lecturer on Social Studies
Farzin Vahdat, Lecturer on Social Studies
Lucia Volk, Lecturer on Anthropology
Christopher Winship, Professor of Sociology
Karen Zivi, Lecturer on Social Studies

Primarily for Undergraduates

*Social Studies 10. Introduction to Social Studies
Catalog Number: 5278
Glyn Morgan and staff
Full course. Tu., 2–4, and section hours to be arranged. EXAM GROUP: 16, 17
An introduction to the classics of modern social theory and to major issues in social analysis. Readings in Adam Smith, Tocqueville, Marx, Mill, Weber, Durkheim, Freud, and in other 20th-century theorists.
Note: Lectures and sections limited to and required of first-year concentrators in Social Studies.

*Social Studies 20. Statistics for Social Studies
Catalog Number: 3643
Mariko Chang
Half course (fall term). M., W., (F.), at 10. EXAM GROUP: 3
An introduction to basic research methods and statistics designed primarily for concentrators in Social Studies. No previous background in statistics is required. Assists students in developing the skills to understand statistical methods used in social science research and to conduct quantitative analyses that address research questions. Also prepares students to do quantitative research for projects such as senior honors essays.

*Social Studies 99. Tutorial — Senior Year
Catalog Number: 7501
Anya Bernstein and staff
Full course. Hours to be arranged.
Writing of senior honors essay.
Note: Required for concentrators.

Junior Tutorials


Note: Concentrators must take one fall and one spring tutorial. Admission is based on student preferences and a lottery system. Undergraduate non-concentrators may enroll in these tutorials if space is available.

Social Studies 98 — Junior Tutorials: Fall Term

*Social Studies 98ax. Development and Modernization: A Critical Perspective
Catalog Number: 5504
Stephen A. Marglin
Half course (fall term). M., 4–6. EXAM GROUP: 9
What assumptions about human beings underlie the conviction that development and modernization constitute progress, that the developed West points the way for the rest of the world? Does economic growth involve a package that necessarily changes the society, the polity, and the culture along with the economy? This tutorial provides a framework for thinking about these questions, both in the context of the West, and in the context of the Third World.

*Social Studies 98bg. The Contemporary American City
Catalog Number: 0913
Gwendolyn Dordick
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged. EXAM GROUP: 8, 9
The contemporary American City displays a tremendous diversity. Within any metropolitan area is a heterogeneous assemblage of races, classes, and ethnic groups. Between cities such as Los Angeles and New York, Miami and Boston is considerable variation in social and spatial organization, economic futures, and culture. Through a survey of contemporary accounts of life in cities and their surrounding suburbs, this course will examine diversity within and among American urban centers.

*Social Studies 98bq. Popular Culture: Theories and Practices
Catalog Number: 2209
Lynne B. Layton (Medical School)
Half course (fall term). Th., 1–3. EXAM GROUP: 15, 16
Examines the many theoretical perspectives on popular culture currently debated in academia—Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic, semiotic. Focusing on one or two popular media as case studies, we will draw on the theories to inform textual analysis and to investigate issues of production and reception.

[*Social Studies 98cd. The Politics of Social Policy in the United States]
Catalog Number: 8657
Anya Bernstein
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Examines social policy in the US and considers competing approaches to developing policy for the 21st century. Compares different perspectives on the nature and purposes of American social policy and explores how American institutions and political culture have shaped the development of social policy throughout the 20th century. Case studies will include welfare, marriage and divorce, health care, education, child care, and Social Security.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

[*Social Studies 98di. The Politics of Inequality in Latin America: The Transformation of Political Representation in the Neoliberal Era]
Catalog Number: 8597
Steven R. Levitsky
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Examines old and new efforts to organize and represent the poor in Latin America. Analyzes ’traditional” patterns such as clientelism, populism, and corporatism, then asks how economic liberalization and working class decline are reshaping patterns of representation. Topics include crisis of political parties, “neo-populism,” emergence of new social movements, NGOs, identity-based movements, and transnational activist networks, and question of whether working class decline bring a return to clientelistic, “neo-oligarchic” politics.
Note: Expected to be given in 2004–05.

[*Social Studies 98dp. Childhood, Culture, and Social Reform]
Catalog Number: 6204
Kiku Adatto
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
How has the culture of childhood changed, and in what ways have the boundaries between childhood and adult life shifted? Framing these questions within a historical perspective, this seminar will trace the role of children in public discourse from the Progressive era to the present. Particular attention will be paid to civic and reform movements, the influence of the consumer and popular culture, and the powerful role of visual images in shaping and defining childhood.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

*Social Studies 98du. Enlightenment and Its Critics
Catalog Number: 2654
James Schmidt (Boston University)
Half course (fall term). W., 2–4. EXAM GROUP: 7, 8
An examination of the vicissitudes of Enlightenment ideals of reason, critique, and autonomy over the last two centuries. It will explore how the arguments of the Enlightenment’s contemporaries (including Kant, Diderot, and Hegel) have been taken up by such twentieth-century social theorists as Max Horkheimer, Theodor Adorno, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Jürgen Habermas, and Michel Foucault.

*Social Studies 98dw. Gender and Politics
Catalog Number: 0447
Oona Britt Ceder
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
This course examines women’s gender consciousness and political participation. First, students analyze the political activities and status of women in North America (e.g., Native American women’s resistance to colonial rule; the political activism of African-American and white women; and the political emergence of Hispanic and Asian women). The second part of the course focuses on the contribution of gender-based analysis to select topics approached from nation-based, comparative, and global perspectives.

[*Social Studies 98ea. Conflict and Cooperation in International Politics]
Catalog Number: 0554
Michael J. Hiscox
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Examines sources of conflict and cooperation among nations in the current international system. Issues covered include the origins and effects of alliances, deterrence, the impact of democratization, the effects of economic interdependence, environmental problems, ethnic conflict and cultural divisions in world politics.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

*Social Studies 98ed. Ideology and Critique
Catalog Number: 5106
Christopher J. Sturr
Half course (fall term). W., 4–6. EXAM GROUP: 9
An examination of ideology in critical social theories. Course traces the concept from the Enlightenment through classical Marxism, the Second International, Western Marxism, and more recent theorists. Course ends by considering the relevance of the concept for a range of contemporary social-theoretical approaches with a liberatory agenda, including Marxism, feminism, anti-racism, post-colonial theory, and queer theory.

*Social Studies 98ep. Juries, Justice, and Democracy
Catalog Number: 1144
Jeffrey B. Abramson (Brandeis University)
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Do jury trials suggest a coherent theory of democratic justice? This tutorial examines legal materials that bear on the competence of ordinary persons to do justice as jurors. Topics include: jury nullification; selection of juries from a cross-section of the population; the influence of race and gender on jurors; and the death penalty.

*Social Studies 98eq. Globalization From Underneath
Catalog Number: 1978
Kiaran Aeveen Honderich
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged. EXAM GROUP: 17, 18
Places theories of globalization into a conversation with political-economy narratives about the poor in Africa, including ones addressing the history of poverty, the situation of women and rural dwellers, the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and effects of economic reforms. Considers how the African poor and other marginalized groups are affected by globalization, and what light their situation casts on global structures and processes. Are they best understood as excluded, included or not yet included by globalization?

*Social Studies 98eu. The Western Alliance after the Cold War
Catalog Number: 4124
Elizabeth M. Doherty
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
The Cold War alliance between the United States and Western Europe was based on shared democratic values and common strategic interests, and on the existence of a common external threat. Have the end of the bipolar world order and the establishment of a different political, economic, and strategic environment led to fundamental changes in the alliance? The course will examine the development and evolution of the western alliance during and after the Cold War.

*Social Studies 98ev. Sports as Culture in Advanced Industrial Democracies: The United States in a Comparative and Historical Context
Catalog Number: 6566
Andrei Steven Markovits (University of Michigan)
Half course (fall term). M., 2–4. EXAM GROUP: 7, 8
Few things have characterized mass culture in the 20th century more consistently and thoroughly than sports. There can simply be no doubt that team sports in particular have comprised a cultural phenomenon that marks life in industrial societies. Why has this been the case? And how did this happen? Moreover, why did the United States deviate from the rest of the industrial world not in terms of the presence of such sports, but in their number and kind?

*Social Studies 98fa. Radical Social Thought in America
Catalog Number: 8091
Gwendolyn Dordick
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Considers the development of critical thought about society from the progressives to the emergence of the New Left in the 1960s. Principal thinkers include Thorstein Veblen, Randolph Bourne, C. Wright Mills, and Christopher Lasch.

*Social Studies 98fd. Intermarriage
Catalog Number: 9552
Kimberly McClain DaCosta
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged. EXAM GROUP: 16, 17
In this course we explore intermarriage as a concept and social fact. We evaluate the ways that social scientists have used intermarriage as a marker of racial, cultural, and religious assimilation and interrogate the possibilities and problems of doing so today.

*Social Studies 98ff. Facing Memory After Mass Trauma
Catalog Number: 9539
Melissa L. Caldwell
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
Examines how ordinary people and societies cope with mass tragedies through acts of selective remembering and forgetting. Will be organized around three empirical themes: memory after colonialism, memory after communism, and memory after mass genocide. Topics include the nature of memory, remembering and forgetting as techniques of power, memory as truth claim, political control through memory, and the responsibilities and consequences of remembering and forgetting.

*Social Studies 98fg (formerly *Social Studies 98er). From the Shop Floor to the Streets: The History, Politics, and Culture of Social Movements in the US
Catalog Number: 6954
Corey Dolgon (Worcester State College)
Half course (fall term). W., 6–8 p.m. EXAM GROUP: 9
The course examines how social movements shape U.S. history and politics. We start by looking at sociological theories of social movements and then investigate early labor, abolitionist and suffrage organizing. We continue with the “maturing” labor movement, the rise of Communism and Socialism, and the birth of “community” organizing. We’ll also discuss conservative phenomena such as temperance, white supremacy, and “Americanism” movements. We conclude by discussing the “new” movements of the 1960s and the resurgence in both local and global organizing.

Social Studies 98fh. Contemporary Issues in Latin American Politics and Economics
Catalog Number: 9767
Sylvia Maxfield
Half course (fall term). Hours to be arranged.
This seminar will cover a variety of topics on the agenda of governments, activists and entrepreneurs in contemporary Latin America. Topics include voters and democracy, the political role of the media, human resources and technology, trade politics and competitiveness, environmental degradation, government - business relations, political parties and the role of legislatures, the judicial system and Latin America’s legal tradition and exchange rate politics and the Argentine crisis.

Social Studies 98 — Junior Tutorials: Spring Term

*Social Studies 98ck. Community Empowerment and Civic Democracy in the Contemporary United States: Theory, Practice, and Policy
Catalog Number: 9316
Carmen J. Sirianni (Brandeis University)
Half course (spring term). F., 1–4. EXAM GROUP: 6, 7
Analyzes innovations in community organizing, civic engagment, and “policy design for democracy” in a variety of arenas (urban development, environment, health, journalism, social services, education) over the past several decades in the U.S. Examines these in terms of theories of deliberative democracy, social capital, and civil society, as well as debates on the future of the welfare state and regulatory politics. Considers the larger crisis of American democracy and the possibilities of civic renewal.

*Social Studies 98cl. Law and American Society
Catalog Number: 7389
Terry K. Aladjem
Half course (spring term). Th., 3–5. EXAM GROUP: 17, 18
Examines law as a defining force in American culture and society in four dimensions—as it establishes individual rights, liberties, and limits of toleration; as it attempts to resolve differences among competing constituencies; as it sets out terms of punishment and social control, and as a source of informing images and ideological consistency.

*Social Studies 98cv. Authoritarianism and Democracy in Latin America
Catalog Number: 5595
Steven R. Levitsky
Half course (spring term). W., 4–6. EXAM GROUP: 9
Examines regimes and regime change in Latin America, particularly Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela. Compares modernization, Marxist, cultural, choice-centered, and institutionalist approaches to explaining the military coups of the 1960s/1970s and democratic transitions of the 1980s/1990s. Examines problems facing contemporary Latin American democracies, including civil-military relations, economic crisis and reform, and how institutions such as states, electoral and party systems, and executive-legislative arrangements affect the stability and quality of new democracies.

[*Social Studies 98dj. The Rule of Law: Social Theoretical Debates]
Catalog Number: 7023
Rebecca Mary McLennan
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
How has the advent of corporate capitalism, private and public bureaucracies, and “globalization” affected the operations of formal, calculable legal principles. Explores social theoretical debates around the fate of formal law under the conditions of modernity. Considers Marxian critiques of formal law; Max Weber’s analysis of law in the age of bureaucratic rationalization; the conservatives’ attack on liberal law ; and the debate between the Frankfurt theorists and Critical Legal Studies on whether liberal law is determinant and legitimate.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

*Social Studies 98dx. Feminist Theory: Equality, Identity, Difference
Catalog Number: 3055
Oona Britt Ceder
Half course (spring term). M., 3:30–5:30. EXAM GROUP: 8, 9
Course examines main currents of feminist thought. Readings include theories from the Western tradition (e.g., Wollstonecraft, Mill, de Beauvoir), and works by writers who reject the methods of canonical thought and develop oppositional forms of theorizing (e.g., Audre Lorde, Mary Daly, Gloria Anzaldua). Both modernist and poststructuralist approaches will be considered. Through analysis, students will acquire an understanding of the relationship between feminist theories and activism and major traditions of social and political critique.

[*Social Studies 98eb. The Politics of International Trade]
Catalog Number: 9198
Michael J. Hiscox
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
Examines political conflict over international trade. Major issues covered include the relationship between trade and national security, and the effects of trade on different classes and groups within nations. The seminar will address debates about strategic trade policy and competition between industrial states, the particular difficulties faced by developing economies, regional trade agreements, the role of the WTO, and the use of economic sanctions.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

*Social Studies 98ei. The Construction of Race in Society and History
Catalog Number: 5960
Kimberly McClain DaCosta
Half course (spring term). Tu., 3–5. EXAM GROUP: 17, 18
Offers a comparative sociohistorical analysis of that peculiar form of ethnicity called “race”. Using a wide range of empirical and theoretical materials, we problematize what is too often considered settled, namely, what consitutes “race”. We explore historical and cross-national variations in the bases of racial division, as well as the mechanisms through which racial dominatoin is reproduced, including prejudice, discrimination, segregation, ghettoization, and violence.

*Social Studies 98ej. Nation, State, and Violence in the Twentieth Century
Catalog Number: 1385
Audrey Helfant Budding
Half course (spring term). Th., 2–4. EXAM GROUP: 16, 17
Nationally-driven violence has been a defining feature of the twentieth century. At a horrific human cost, homogeneous “national” states have emerged out of many formerly mixed areas of Europe and the post-colonial world. As we explore this process, we will analyze the dynamics of nationalist mobilization and the nature of “ethnic cleansing.” Specific topics will include Stalinist deportations of peoples, the Holocaust, the Rwandan genocide, and the post-Yugoslav wars.

*Social Studies 98ek. Globalization, Transnationalism, and Migration
Catalog Number: 2433
Lucia Volk
Half course (spring term). W., 3–5. EXAM GROUP: 8, 9
How can we make sense of cross-border flows of money, commodities, cultural symbols and people in the context of social science research which has traditionally focused on bounded communities, be it a village, neighborhood or nation? In this course, we will study different theoretically approaches to global flows as well as case studies that illuminate how people, goods and ideas intersect across multiple spaces and identities.

[*Social Studies 98en. Housing and Homelessness: Exploring the Importance of Place, Shelter, and Home in America]
Catalog Number: 9263
Gwendolyn Dordick
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
Housing is more than bricks and mortar. The places we live provide us personal security and comfort, a social environment and the basis for strong feelings of identity and belonging. We will examine the material, social and cultural aspects of housing and homelessness in American society. A particular, but not exclusive, focus on homelessness will bring to the foreground the often taken-for-granted aspects of place, shelter, and home that are true across the socioeconomic spectrum.
Note: Expected to be given in 2003–04.

*Social Studies 98eo. Culture and Society
Catalog Number: 2114
Kiku Adatto
Half course (spring term). M., 1–3. EXAM GROUP: 6, 7
In what sense is art a mirror of society? How do literature, advertisements, and film document cultural change? How is culture tied to power, domination, and resistance? Using a wide range of sources and case studies, this seminar examines the interplay of culture and society (drawing on anthropology, history, sociology, literature, and philosophy). Among the topics explored will be manners and civility, the culture of everyday life, popular culture, and culture and globalization.

*Social Studies 98ew. The Politics of Fascism and Right-Wing Movements in Comparative Perspective
Catalog Number: 9737
Andrei Steven Markovits (University of Michigan)
Half course (spring term). M., 2–4. EXAM GROUP: 7, 8
Analyzes a particular form of political participation, the social and historical aspects of fascims and right-wing movements. What is fascism? When does it arise? Who are its supporters? Who are its beneficiaries? Above all, what is its relationship to that ubiquitous and fascinating social process known as "modernization"? Was it a unique phenoemon "in its won time and place" i.e. the Europe of the 1920s and 1930s, or does it continue to exist bearing different names and altered guises?

*Social Studies 98ex. The European Left Since 1945
Catalog Number: 9708
Andrei Steven Markovits (University of Michigan)
Half course (spring term). W., 2–4. EXAM GROUP: 7, 8
The tutorial will analyze the key characteristics of Europe’s two lefts: Its traditional "red" variant; as well as its newer "green" version. By looking at developments in Germany, France, Italy and Britain, the course will highlight the transition from "red" to "green" left and investigate what these massive changes have wrought for the left as a whole, as well as the environment wherein it operates.

*Social Studies 98ey. States in Africa
Catalog Number: 9731
Jens Meierhenrich
Half course (spring term). Th., 4–6. EXAM GROUP: 9, 18
Examines the theory and history of state formation and state deformation in Africa. The course explores how states emerge, survive, and dissolve in the African system, examining a variety of perspectives from political science, law, sociology, and history. The course analyzes the interaction of power and space; addresses the reach of the sovereign state vis-à-vis its competitors; and evaluates the future of African states, considering evidence from Somalia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Congo, Zimbabwe, and South Africa.

*Social Studies 98ez. International Justice
Catalog Number: 9566
Lisa S. Rivera
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
Some believe that "in the realm of international politics lies are not lies or murders murders." Others claim that the need for a conception of global justice has never been greater because of globalization’s profound effect on democracy and human well-being. We’ll consider arguments about the background moral conceptions that ground the possibility for international justice and then apply these to issues such as the use of force, global inequality, and free trade.

*Social Studies 98fb. Social Theory and the Arts
Catalog Number: 9866
Thomas Ertman (New York University)
Half course (spring term). Tu., 7:30–9:30 p.m. EXAM GROUP: 18
Focuses on the close reading and analysis of foundational texts by Nietzsche, Benjamin, Adorno and Bourdieu on the relationship between the arts and society.

*Social Studies 98fc. Religion, Identity, and Violence in a Globalizing World
Catalog Number: 8631
William F. Fisher (Clark University)
Half course (spring term). Tu., 1–3. EXAM GROUP: 15, 16
Examines the nature of religion and the interconnections among religious identity, political violence, and globalization in the contemporary world. Examines conflicts that arise between groups with different religious identities as well as conflicts between religions and secularization. Considers how globalization has failed to satisfy so many people in the world, why religion has been raised as an alternative, and why the religious rejection of secularization and globalization has been so violent.

*Social Studies 98fe. Topics of Economic Sociology
Catalog Number: 9709
Mariko Chang
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
Focuses on three sub-topics within the field of economic sociology: economic inequality, markets, and culture. Constructed around the general topic of the causes and consequences of wealth inequality, we will address how it intersects with other forms of economic inequality, and the role played by markets and culture. Some guiding questions: What are the sociological explanations for economic inequality? Do people’s attitudes toward money, investment, and wealth differ along racial, class, and gender lines?

*Social Studies 98xx. Urban Village or Urban Pillage: The Life, Death and Dreams of American Cities
Catalog Number: 9332
Corey Dolgon (Worcester State College)
Half course (spring term). Hours to be arranged.
This course investigates theories and approaches to studying urban space and the history of economic development, political struggles, and social identities of cities. We examine the relationships between urban geography, economic markets, and class structure; industrialization, immigration, and urban politics; and the cultural meanings of contemporary urban, suburban, and exurban spaces. Our goal is to apply theory and analysis to practical concerns for building humane urban landscapes.